Analysis of the benefi ts and costs of the operational support for renewable heat implementation
The detailed analysis evaluates the benefits and costs associated with the proposed introduction of operational support for heat production from renewable sources (which was incorporated into the text of the new law on promoted energy sources debated by the Parliament of the Czech Republic in the second half of 2011). The purpose of the introduction of operational support for heat is to strengthen the competitiveness of solid biomass use in the heating plants (i.e. energy efficient and generally less costly) which, due to the introduction of system support of electricity production, lags behind the competitive prices offered by major sources that use biomass fuels in the form of biomass co-incineration for primary production. The introduction of such support would also help in meeting the new development objectives of the country by 2020, which will newly include heat and fuels designed for final consumption (including transport). The current rate of effective use of energy from biomass fuels is relatively low, owing to the widespread burning in condensing power plants, and the targeted support for heat production could help to correct this negative trend. It would then also increase the supply of biomass fuels on the market (thanks to its ability to also use the more expensive alternatives).