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Ecodesign of directional lamps

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The technology of lamps is undergoing great development, which has also been reflected in changed legislation on energy-labelling of lamps and ecodesign, which determines the lowest possible parameters of the products that are placed on the market. In 2012, legislation introducing new energy labels for luminaires was adopted, as was European Commission Regulation No. 1194/2012, with regard to ecodesign requirements for directional lamps, light emitting diode lamps and related equipment. Similarly to the well-known legislation phasing out traditional incandescent bulbs from the market, the new Directive will result in a ban on the placing of further inefficient directional lamps on the market.

Regulation No. 1194/2012 mainly applies to directional lamps that are most frequently used for illumination of corridors, for accent lighting or designer lighting in hotels, restaurants, shops, etc., directional lamps and halogen spotlights, which are also frequently installed in households. Furthermore, the new Directive appertains to LED lamps (both directional and non-directional) and other equipment designed for installation between the mains and the lamps (control gear and devices, modules, etc.).

What does the Regulation prescribe? As was the case of traditional incandescent lamps, it requires at least the minimum efficiency, owing to which low efficiency directional lamps will not be allowed to be placed on the market. And similarly, it prescribes the basic quality requirements and data which the manufacturer is obliged to state on the package. A major change will be compulsory mention of the useful luminous flux in lumens, which is common in the case of non-directional lamps (at the present time, the maximum luminous intensity is stated in candelas with the majority of directional lamps). In consequence of this change and the fact that the new labelling will only be introduced for newly launched products in September 2013, initially it will not be entirely clear which lamps will be allowed to be placed on the market. The following chart states the most frequent cases that will be affected by the new Regulation and the presumed minimum energy classes required for directional lamps.

 

Mains-voltage incandescent and halogen lamps

(most frequently designated as R and PAR with E27/E14 base and lamps with GU10, GZ10 bases)

Other incandescent and halogen lamps

(most frequently lamps with GU5.3, GU4, GZ4, G53 bases)

Other lamps

(e.g. LED lamps and compact fluorescent lamps)

Phase 1

Sept. 2013

Phasing out of inefficient directional incandescent lamps with the useful luminous flux above 450 lm, to be replaced by halogen lamps, compact fluorescent or LED lamps.

 

Phasing out of inefficient halogen lamps, stricter criteria for lamps with the useful luminous flux above 450 lm, probably to be replaced by efficient halogen or LED lamps.

 

Setting of the minimum efficiency for directional compact fluorescent lamps, directional LED lamps and other directional lamps.

more than 450 lm: min. D,

other unlimited.

less than 450 lm: min. C,

more than 450 lm: min. B

min. A

(and, in part, B)*

Phase 2

Sept. 2014

Phasing out of all inefficient directional incandescent lamps, to be replaced by halogen lamps, compact fluorescent and LED lamps.

 

Phasing out of all inefficient halogen lamps, to be replaced by LED and efficient halogen lamps.

Same requirements as in Phase 1.

all min. D

min. B

min. A

(and, in part, B)*

Phase 3**

Sept. 2016

Tightening up of the minimum efficiency, probable replacement in the form of compact fluorescent lamps and LED lamps.

 

Same requirements as in Phase

2.

Further tightening up of requirements, which will probably only be met by directional LED lamps and some discharge lamps.

min. B*

min. B

min. A+

(and, in part, A)*

* The minimum energy classes and replacements are approximate, since individual lamps can, owing to their specific design, have different requirements or exceptions.

**Stage 3 for mains-voltage filament lamps shall apply only if no later than 30 September 2015, evidence is produced by the Commission through a detailed market assesment that there are mains-voltage lamps on the market that are compliant with the maximum EEI requirement in stage 3 and broadly available, compatible and affordable

Moreover, the Regulation determines the maximum power input of control devices and their stand-by mode, allowed decreases in the luminous flux, the maximum lamp starting time, the number of switching cycles, etc. The Regulation also specifies the minimum quality criteria for LED lamps (directional and non-directional): a starting time shorter than 0.5 seconds, the minimum number of switching cycles of 15,000 in the case that the service life is longer than 30,000 hours, and half of the value of the lifetime in hours if the service life is longer than 30,000 hours. Furthermore, the Regulation stipulates the minimum colour rendering index of LED lamps: Ra = 80 (and 65 for outdoor use).

By 2020, the Regulation should result in electric power saving of 25 TWh as against the situation had it not come into force. In addition to savings, it will also bring about a significant unification of labelling and improvement of the quality of directional lamps.

contact person
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Michal Staša

email: michal.stasa@svn.cz

phone: +420 224 252 115

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