Education towards nZEB
One of the key tasks for the current building sector is to attract and retain skilled and knowledgeable workers so that top innovations can be developed and applied in the fields of energy efficiency and renewable energy sources. These days, a comprehensive approach to energy issues as well as to ensuring the efficiency of sources (throughout the whole lifecycle of buildings) is required. At present, three projects are being carried out which deal with improving the professional skills of on-site workers. This article introduces the current activities of the ingRES project aiming primarily at engineers.
The ingREs project implements the Roadmap measures developed under the Build-Up Skills initiative. The goal of the project is to develop and introduce a system of further education which would lead to the development of the skills and knowledge of building professionals with medium-level and higher qualifications. The project involves partners from the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Austria who will try to ensure that the objectives of EU 2020 are met. The objectives relate to increasing energy efficiency and the use of energy from renewable sources.
The main task of the system of further education is to develop five education and training programmes for building professionals establishing a permanent network of trainers providing training programmes developed under this project. It also aims to propose financing for measures that increase the motivation of professionals to participate in education programmes and the motivation of small- and medium-sized enterprises to invest in further education. The education and training will be aimed at the following professions: architect/planner, site manager, technical supervision of the investor, sustainability counsellor and assessor of the achieved energy efficiency of the building.
At present, specific training requirements for the training programmes are being completed. For every profession training results have been defined. An architect/planner must have an overview of materials which are used to increase the energy efficiency of buildings and should also be able to describe the impact of these materials on energy efficiency. In addition, a trained architect/planner must be able to elaborate an example of a proposal of energy gained from grey water, must understand the regulations relating to building materials increasing energy efficiency, must be able to explain the potential of the heat recovery system and how the shape and location of a building can influence its internal environment. Finally, the architect/planner can use a digital model of a building to identify individual building elements and information relevant for the planning phase.
After the completion of the training programme, a site manager will have acquired the skills to define BIM-modules (Building Information Modelling modules) ensuring the exchange of information and coordination and will also be able to give practical examples of management measures ensuring the use of technology according to technological standards. Last but not least, the trained site manager will be able to identify and explain defects in compliance with the requirements for materials and technological processes.
Sustainability counsellor is another still quite rare profession in the Czech Republic.
A sustainability counsellor must be able to:
- enumerate and explain the criteria of preliminary assessment and prove the preliminary assessment of sustainability by means of practical examples;
- explain criteria for the ecological, economic, technical and process quality of the project as well as criteria for the quality of the project location; and
- describe the method of parameters verification on the basis of preliminary assessment, etc.
Specialists focusing on technical supervision must be able to
- provide a list of materials and their level of energy efficiency and sustainable development;
- explain the qualities of fastening technologies;
- provide and explain the model of quality assurance, including proposals relating to measures for controlling the quality and encouraging the quality assurance under construction;
- determine the advantages of various options and decisions based on input/output analysis and provide practical examples;
- determine the advantages of construction products in terms of efficient use of RES and achievement of higher energy efficiency in buildings;
- explain the key aspects of equipment installation relevant for the use of RES in buildings, etc.
The assessor of the achieved energy efficiency of the building will acquire the following skills and abilities:
- to explain the rules of non-residential buildings certification;
- to provide an example of how technologies influence each other;
- to explain thermal insulation properties of the solutions applied to increase energy efficiency;
- to understand the legislation and standards relating to the certification of buildings;
- to define the calculation model for residential buildings;
- to specify the impact that the building envelope has on the energy efficiency of the technical equipment of buildings;
- to explain the principles of guaranteed energy services or the use of renewables in buildings, etc.
Each training programme in the Czech Republic and Slovakia will conclude with an exam and each specialist will gain a certificate. The project will last 36 months and will be completed in 2018.
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